total variable cost formula

If the production increases, then the number of raw materials required also increases. Similarly, if the output production goes down, then the Accounting Services and Bookkeeping Services Outsourced Expertise number of raw materials required decreases. In economics, total cost (TC) is the minimum dollar cost of producing some quantity of output.

For example, Amy is quite concerned about her bakery as the revenue generated from sales are below the total costs of running the bakery. Amy asks for your opinion on whether she should close down the business or not. Additionally, she’s already committed to paying for one year of rent, electricity, and employee salaries.

Variable vs Fixed Costs in Decision-Making

These are costs composed of a mixture of both fixed and variable components. Costs are fixed for a set level of production or consumption and become variable after this production level is exceeded. While total variable cost shows how much you’re paying to develop every unit of your product, you might also have to account for products that have different variable costs per unit. Depending on the products or services your company provides, you will need to calculate the total and the average variable costs for each product or service.

How to create a business budget, the different budgeting approaches, and tips from top CFOs to ensure a structured and productive budgeting process. If you’re starting a new business, then the break-even point will help you determine the viability of the endeavor. If you already have your business up and running, the break-even point will help you find areas to improve your business and profitability. Understanding total cost is important in economics, and there are several important terms to keep in mind. The company may employ temporary workers to help with the production process. They help some permanent workers to operate machines or other production activities.

Physical Materials

The breakdown of these expenses determines the price level of the services and assists in many other aspects of the overall business strategy. These costs are also the primary ingredients to various costing methods employed by businesses including job order costing, activity-based costing and process costing. It’s important to note that reality is a little less clear-cut, so you also need to know about semi-variable costs. There are costs that are often considered fixed but can become variable after a certain threshold has been reached, or they have a variable component. Electricity consumption is probably the most relatable example of this concept. Although you may pay a monthly rate for the service - clearly a fixed cost - your electricity consumption will likely increase as production does - a variable cost.

total variable cost formula

In the case of a retail company, variable costs manifest in different forms. For instance, credit card transaction fees are variable because they are directly linked to sales volume. As sales increase, more transactions occur, leading to higher credit card fees. The variable costs do not increase or decrease according to the activities of any company but rather according to the inputs and outputs of the production. Additionally, consideration of variable cost is important while determining prices.